In an article published August 7, 2015, women outnumber men in both undergraduate and post-graduate university programs. American attitudes have changed, significantly, since the late 19th century.
My most recent blog post, Victorian Attitudes: The Weaker Sex & Education, I shared a snippet from history, and the opinion that educating women was not only undesirable, but dangerous to a female’s health. The Victorian Era was not an education-friendly time for women. You’ve come a long way, baby (remember this marketing slogan?).Our Victorian sisters worked tirelessly for equal rights in so many ways, including the right for an equal education and career choices. As a woman who had abundant choices with my own education, I’m in awe of my Victorian counterparts, particularly those who are remembered as those who were FIRST with landmark educational achievements.
FIRSTS in Female Education, 19th Century American West
1. In 1827, The Linden Wood School for Girls of St. Charles, Missouri, became the first center west of the Mississippi (for Higher Education) to enroll women.
2. In 1848 the Seneca Falls Convention was held in New York to gain support for education and suffrage but it had little immediate impact because at that time women were still considered the property of men rather than individuals in society. This convention is significant because it created a foundation for efforts toward equal education for women, even though it was not actually achieved until much later.
3. In 1850, The Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania was the first medical institution in the world established to train women in medicine and offer them the M.D. degree. (Note: men were not allowed to enroll until 1870.)
4. The University of Deseret‘s first classes were taught in 1850, and by their second term, women were included among enrolled students.
5. In 1851, (then) “College of Notre Dame” was the first women’s college in California and the first in the state authorized to grant the baccalaureate degree to women. At this time, most universities and colleges accepting female students were in eastern states.
6. 1851: The Cherokee Female Seminary was the first institute of higher learning exclusively for women the United States west of the Mississippi River. Along with the Cherokee Male Seminary, this was the first college created by a tribe instead of the US federal government.
7. Founded in 1852, Mills began as a seminary school known as the Young Ladies’ Seminary. It was originally located in Benicia, California.
8. In 1862, Mary Jane Patterson became the first African-American woman to earn a BA. She earned her degree from Oberlin College.
9. In 1866, Lucy Hobbs Taylor became the first woman to graduate from a dental college (Ohio Dental College).
People were amazed when they learned that a young girl had so far forgotten her womanhood as to want to study dentistry. ~ Lucy Hobbs Taylor
10. In 1870, Ada Kepley became the first American woman to earn a law degree, from Northwestern School of Law in Chicago. However, as a woman, she was denied a license to practice law and therefore never officially became a lawyer until the Illinois law barring women from practicing the learned professions was overturned in 1881.
Victorian Lady Lawyers–on Sweet Americana Sweethearts Victorian Attitudes: The Weaker Sex & Education Education in the Old West Victorian Attitudes about Female Education, and Conflict in the Historical Romances we Love! Old Fashioned Notions about Marriageable Women Old West Dentistry Real Heroes and Heroines: Teachers BOOK REVIEW: Fair Play by Deanne Gist (heroine is a physician)
Copyright © 2015 Kristin Holt, LC