As previously discussed, the phrase “Mail-Order Bride” wasn’t common in the American West in the mid to late 19th century. But readers of romantic fiction within the mail-order bride trope certainly think so… because our beloved fiction uses the term readily. But that’s perfectly OK. After all, fiction is fiction, and its purpose is to entertain.
If Mail-Order Brides weren’t referred to as such–yet–when did the term become common and popular… in real-life accurate history?
I stumbled across a blog article stating the first usage of “mail-order bride didn’t appear in the New York Times until 1929. When it did, it made a pretty scandalous debut. Why is that? Because the “mail-order bride” in question was accused of MURDERING her deaf, war-veteran husband.” [Source]
Now–to be completely fair, the author of that statement did say “in the New York Times“, thereby indicating she wasn’t addressing any other newspapers or circulars or sources. But yeah, the term showed up well before 1929, even if the Times didn’t keep up with the new jargon.
The story of Eva Rablen poisoning her husband of seventeen months with rat poison in his coffee while he waited for her in the car outside while she enjoyed herself at a community dance (he was hard of hearing and believed he could not dance), was quite the sensational bit of news. Papers across the nation carried the terrible story. This obscene true-to-history tale of murder within a mail-order bride / “correspondence courtship” marriage definitely qualifies as an epic fail… and perhaps the worst of all scams perpetrated.
LARGE headline in The Scranton Republican, page 2 on Wednesday, May 15, 1929. For this early in newspaper history, a title larger than 2 to 3 times the height of the font within the article was extremely uncommon. This image allows for comparison of the subheading (below) and article, which follows, with striking difference in size of font. Note that the article header scans the full sheet of newsprint (from cut left edge to the “spine” / fold), well beyond the brief article containing updates on the case.
Note the quotation marks around “Mail Order Bride” in the header, indicating either A) relatively new or unknown term or B) maybe a less-than politically correct or slang reference. The article continues, below. In the image above, note that the article itself takes up very little space.
Other newspaper articles covering both happy and sad occasions of mail-order bride arrangements appeared far earlier than 1929.
And, as 1903 is solidly within the 20th Century (and though I have no way of knowing if other credible sources provide documentation that the term “mail-order bride” [with or without the dash] was used before the turn of the century, it’s the best I can do). This earliest currently available reference to “Mail-Order Bride” (with or without capitalization, with or without dash) backs up my earlier assertions that the phrase was unfamiliar in the days following the Great War (War Between the States, the War of Northern Aggression, The Civil War), through the ever-popular 1880’s and 1890’s (I assume). Cool, eh? I personally enjoy researching random tidbits such as the origin and popularity of terms and phrases to bring the maximum amount of historical accuracy to my fiction. Even if it is merely for enjoyment.
Up next! (4-3-16) First Historical Use of term “Correspondence Courtship” because interestingly enough, newspaper reporters began referring to what you and I would call “mail-order brides” and their resultant marriages as “Correspondence Courtships”. What a truly American Victorian phrase. Join me in a short 3 days for this next exploration of the late Victorian-era language etymology (a chronological account of the birth and development of a particular word of element of a word, often delineating its spread from one language to another and its evolving changes in form and meaning. Synonyms: word history, word lore, historical development).
Is it O.K. to Use Okay in Historical Fiction? NEWSPAPER Brides vs. Mail-Order Brides Definition of Love Making was Rated G in 19th Century BOOK REVIEW: Buying a Bride by Marcia A. Zug Mail-Order Catalogs: Timeline and Truth Mail Order Brides in the 19th Century American West BOOK REVIEW: Object: Matrimony by Chris Enss Book Review: Hearts West: True Stories of Mail-Order Brides on the Frontier, by Chris EnssBegin Reading a 12 part SERIES of articles on Nineteenth Century Mail-Order Bride SCAMS– Link to Part 1 Real Mail-Order Bride SUCCESS Stories! Fred Harvey, Marriage Broker
Copyright © 2016 Kristin Holt, LC